Education is often viewed as school in a traditional, formal sense. Many people believe that true learning can only take place in a formal classroom setting. Others feel education occurs in many different forms and environments. There may not be a definitive answer to the question of, 'What is education?' However, we can start thinking about the purpose of education. Is it to educate youth to be responsible citizens? Is it to develop individuals, as well as society, in order to ensure a society's economic success? Or is it to simply focus on developing individual talents and intelligence? Perhaps it is the balance of all three that defines education? While our answers may differ, we can perhaps agree that education is a basic human right. When that right is granted growth and development, the society as a whole is more likely to improve in areas such as health, nutrition, general income and living standards and population fertility rates.
As global citizens it is our responsibility to critically think about the issues and attempt to come up with solutions to the problems plaguing education. In 1990 UNESCO launched EFA, the movement to provide quality education for all children, youth, and adults by the year 2015. The unfortunate reality is that for many countries, larger issues some before improving the quality of education. How can we achieve the goals of EFA when numerous countries around the world are faced with challenges that seem far too impossible to overcome? The answer lies in attempting to bridge some of the gaps that prevent developing nations to compete with developed nations. One example is that of providing greater access to technology and narrowing the ever widening digital divide. In many ways the most basic access to technology can serve as a valuable educational tool. Individuals who are not afforded this access are at a disadvantage when trying to grasp opportunities to make life better for themselves, their families, and their community.
1. The author's main concern in the first paragraph of the passage is that.........
A. there is no exact definition about education.
B. education is a fundamental individual's right.
C. everyone has the right to get quality education.
D. education occurs in any place not just schools.
E. development can be gained through education.
2. If the author is right concerning the role of education, the following might be predicted to take place, EXCEPT.........
A. longer life expectation
B. lesser birth rates
C. improved welfare
D. better quality living
E. more job opportunities
3. The following sentences reflect the author's opinions in the passage, EXCEPT .......
A. everyone has the right to get education.
B. education cannot be easily defined.
C. EFA provides quality education by 2015.
D. education is basic to human development.
E. The EFA goals are faced with serious challenges.
4. The situation the author shows in the passage is best described as a follows ........
A. quality education fundamentally ensures quality living in all sectors.
B. education is essentially everyone's right yet it still has its challenges.
C. there are problems in education in spite of its significant role.
D. as long as nations compete, education cannot progress.
E. absence of an exact definition causes problems in education.
5. The part following the passage above would likely discuss .........
A. lack of access to technology in developing countries to support educational practices.
B. needs of modem digital technology to back up the implementation of EFA in education.
C. roles of technology in providing individuals with cheap and accessible quality education.
D. inability of developing nations to compete with developed countries in technology.
E. government's roles and responsibilities in managing education for their citizens.
1.B. education is a fundamental individual's right.
2. B. lesser birth rates
3. C. EFA provides quality education by 2015.
4. B. education is essentially everyone's right yet it still has its challenges.
5. B. needs of modem digital technology to back up the implementation of EFA in education.
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